There is an acronym that is commonly used in the various engineering dsciplines 9it certainly was in aerosapce): TLAR.
That Looks About Right
What it means is simply that some things are so well understood and characterized that at least at first glance, to first approximation, at the back of the envelope stage, a design can look like it will work. Someone can, say, sketch out a jetliner… a tubular fuselage, modestly swept low-mounted wings, swept tail surfaces, podded engines suspended below the wings – and it will look like a “proper” design. TLAR is useful for things people have really nailed down the design of over the years. Entirely new stuff? An Alcubierre Warp Drive ring assembly, for example… who the frak knows right from wrong on that. But jetliners? Ships? Automobiles? Launch vehicles? Sure. An engineer can look at a design and say “that looks about right.”
And bridges. A good engineer can take a look at a design and say “that looks about right.” And sometimes, even an engineer from another discipline with rusty skills can take a look at a bridge design, and his engineering-spidey senses will start tingling, and “TLAR” is *not* engaged.
I look at the design of the failed FIU pedestrian bridge and man, TLAR is *not* what pops into my head. Instead I get a distinctly That Looks About Wrong feeling.
It looks fine. It has two spans, each supported at the ends atop piers, and then in five places along each span by what appear to be quite stout tension cables connected to a central tower. It looks nice. Completed, it looks nice. Incomplete, it scares the pants off me:
Note how here, during the rapid assembly process, the bridge is supported from below at four points: the two ends on the piers, and within the span by temporary supports. This is a perfectly good way to install a suspension or cable stayed bridge: support it from below until you can get the cables in place. Really, there aren’t too many other practical ways to do it for a bridge like this. But where me “I want to be elsewhere and unassociated with this project” response kicks in is when they remove those central supports… without having the suspension cables in place. The design of this span just does not Look About Right for something supported only at the ends. You have a great big and seemingly massive deck at the bottom, a few centrally located diagonal supports, and then a relatively narrow structural span running along the top.
Note that the deck certainly looks pretty thin… it appears to be one, maybe two feet thick. Doubtless of steel and concrete construction, but still quite thin. As a cable-stayed span, the deck would be hanging every however many feet from those diagonal supports; the upper structure could (*could*) be virtually cosmetic. However, as a simply supported bridge, that lower deck is under a *lot* of tension, the upper structure under a *lot* of compression, and the diagonal supports transmitting those loads in a way much different from when it’s a cable-stayed span (cable stayed, they’d be in tension; incomplete, they’re in compression).
In its incomplete state, it just doesn’t *look* like a decent structure.
That’s of course easy to say now that its laying in the street. And let me be clear: an engineer should never, EVER say that something is good unless they’ve run the numbers, and should avoid saying something is bad unless they’ve run the numbers. Engineering is the wrong discipline for anyone who operates by “feelings;” it is the place for hard numbers, hard facts, objective reality. Merit rather than politics. Still: the reality is that in a world of hard facts, some things are WRONG, and you don’t need to do a whole lot of math because the facts have already been long demonstrated. You can’t run an internal combustion engine on water, nor can you tinker with your carburetor to make your otherwise unmodified Ford F-150 go 200 miles per hour and get 500 miles per gallon. You can’t make the spar of your jetliner out of butter. You can’t use a pound of dynamite to blow the Moon to flinders, nor can you make a perpetual motion machine out of a cordless drill and some weights. These are of course ridiculous examples, but there is a spectrum between “that’s obviously so stupid I don’t need to do the math” and “that looks about right.” And the FIU-Sweetwater bridge certainly falls between the two. “Feelings,” I found during my engineering days, were, when applied properly, an appropriate and useful check against unwarranted enthusiasm and optimism. I get the feeling here that someone should have been a bit more pessimistic during the design process.
Whether due to a lack of rigor in the design process, the manufacturing process or the construction process… *someone* didn’t run the numbers right. And as a result, people are dead. Honestly: anyone who argues against the value and importance of engineering rigor can go eat a bag of dicks.
If you’ve ever wanted to see what a runway looks like when it had hundreds of millions of dollars worth of gold bars scattered all over it look like, that link will hook you right up. In this case, it looks like the cargo fell out as the plane rotated for takeoff. The plane was able to promptly land at another airport seven miles away. They got lucky: while the idea of gold falling out of the sky has some romantic appeal, the fact it that a bar of gold would have a *really* *high* terminal velocity as well as a lot of mass. It would do a whole lot of damage if it fell from altitude onto people or property. And if things are so bad on the plane that stuff is falling out, the chances are that the load could shift enough for this sort of thing to happen (Bagram, Afghanistan in 2013):
It has been fairly standard practice in the last few decades to use lethal injections to execute death row inmates. This has always been a troublesome and expensive approach, and recently difficult to carry out since the drugs used are getting hard to come by.
What has always confounded me is that there are far simpler, cheaper and more certain approaches that don;t even carry the risk of undue pain to the condemned: use inert gases like nitrogen, helium, argon, freon and the like to asphyxiate them. Unlike carbon dioxide, these gases don’t prompt the “oh crap I’m choking response.” Nitrogen, after all, makes up about 80% of every breath you take *now.* If you replace that 20% of oxygen with another 20% of nitrogen, your lungs won’t complain. They will simply continue to expel carbon dioxide from your blood; since you don;t get the choking response, you continue to breathe normally. As a result, you will also pass some perfectly fine oxygen from your blood back out through your lungs, causing you to pass out a *lot* faster than if you were in a high CO2 environment that makes you hold your breath. There have been a number of industial accidents where someone has wandered into a high nitrogen or argon or helium environment, and then quickly gone to sleep, and then quickly died.
Nitrogen is cheap and omnipresent. It’s not like those whacko bizarre lethal injection drugs manufactured by only a few companies; a prison could call up Air Liquide or any of a number of other suppliers and have them bring in cylinders of compressed nitrogen or even large dewars of liquid nitrogen.
Of course, they could always think outside the box and consider alternative approaches like gigantic trebuchets, or as weight simulators on future Falcon 9 flights. Strap ol’ Dead Man Walkin’ into another Roadster and point some Go Pros at him. The footage should prove enlightening and entertaining, and perhaps even useful when played on a loop in gen pop.
There are people who will be remembered not just generations down the line, but centuries even millenia. I believe we’ve just seen the passing of one such. I’m not sure there are many others alive today who will be recalled as a such a scientific giant.
As embarrassing as Trump often is… imagine the alternative:
Oy. Nothing screams “American power and confidence” like clumsiness, fragility and dependency upon others to carry out simple tasks.
Also: feel free to insert a joke HERE about “a woman needs a man like a fish needs a bicycle” or other man-despising feminist yapping points. Note that this Strong Independent Woman needs *two* men. Note how Hillary’s aide Huma *leaps* to her aid…
So people are still fighting about Russia meddling in the 2016 election. It seems to be reasonably well established that they did so, though the claim that the Trump campaign colluded with the Russians seems to be based on little more than wishful thinking. Until I see anything better, I’m going to continue with the assumption that the meddling *seemed* to be mostly anti-Hillary because everyone pretty much assumed she was going to win in a landslide, and the goal wasn’t so much getting Trump elected as it was just messing with the US democratic process and sowing internal dissent and strife for the purposes of generally weakening the US. Which is why the meddling continued well after the election.
Now that the requisite virtue signaling is out of the way… Putin tells us that it wasn’t the Russian government but, you know, those wacky Jews.
In an interview over the weekend, Putin said of those who ran the troll farms and such:
“Maybe they’re not even Russians, but Ukrainians, Tatars, Jews, just with Russian citizenship.”
Now, here’s the thing. Imagine this was in *any* other context. Instead of election meddling, the people involved were, say, bank robbers. Or an acting troupe. Or athletes. Or *anything.* And instead of Russians, they were Americans. Now imagine this statement:
“Maybe they’re not even Americans, but Ukrainians, Tatars, Jews, just with American citizenship.”
Consider: if someone is Ukranian, or Tatar, or Jewish, or Irish, or Mexican, or Nigerian, or Innuit, or Ainu, or Gondorian or Alderaanian, but they have American citizenship… that means they are *American.* So how is it someone can have Russian citizenship but not be a Russian?
A model of the Northrop low altitude penetrator alternative to the B-2, to be 3D printed and turned into a kit for Fantastic Plastic is in the very early stages.
And a JPL interstellar precursor spacecraft design with a Pluto orbiter. The goal was to put scientific instruments a full 1,000 astronomical units out using nuclear/electric propulsion. This model is being built with the specific intention of using it to create a set of accurate and consistent diagrams for the next issue of US Spacecraft projects, but I wonder if there might be interest in a physical model of this.
The local news has been having a blast with this bit of video for the past few days. Short form: on March 4, a pickup truck pulling a trailer was driving down a slushy, icy Utah highway when a car ahead of it lost control. The truck driver skillfully and *calmly* avoided impact, with the result that there was no damage to anybody. Normally this probably wouldn’t merit coverage on the news, but the music being listened to seems to amuse the frak out of anyone who watches the video.